Surface gilding is the application of gold leaf on the surface, rather than on the backside, often done with glass. Because of its placement on the surface, it can be accented with mother of pearl, abalone or handspun gold.

Water sizing is best described as having the ability to see your reflection in a mirror of pure gold. A sophisticated process, Fred remains one of the few artisans around still doing it.

Gold purity can range from 10 karat to 23 karat and have burnished or matte centers. Fred also offers silver and platinum leafing, too.